When Body Image Becomes a Problem for Female Athletes

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SOURCES:

Paula Quatromoni, DSc, registered dietitian; associate professor of nutrition and epidemiology, Boston University; chair, Department of Health Sciences, Boston University.

Kara Bazzi, co-founder and clinical director, Opal: Food and Body Wisdom.

EY and espnW: Where Will You Find Your Next Leader?

The New York Times: Gracie Golds Battle for Olympic Glory Ended in a Fight to Save Herself.

Team USA: While in Eating Disorder Recovery, Allie Ostrander Makes it to Steeplechase Final.

The Telegraph: Weight charts, ‘fat clubs’ and disordered eating: the hidden health crisis in women’s football.

Frontiers in Psychiatry: “Body Dissatisfaction, Importance of Appearance, and Body Appreciation in Men and Women Over the Lifespan.”

National Eating Disorders Association: “Body Image & Eating Disorders”

EspnW: “Body Image Confidential.”

BBC: BBC Elite British Sportswomen Survey Results.

Sports Medicine – Open: “Reasons for and Consequences of Low Energy Availability in Female and Male Athletes: Social Environment, Adaptations, and Prevention.”

European Journal of Sport Science: “Eating disorders in athletes: Overview of prevalence, risk factors and recommendations for prevention and treatment.”

Nutrients: “Self-Reported Restrictive Eating, Eating Disorders, Menstrual Dysfunction, and Injuries in Athletes Competing at Different Levels and Sports.”

Current Sports Medicine Reports: “2014 female athlete triad coalition consensus statement on treatment and return to play of the female athlete triad.”

British Journal of Sports Medicine: “The IOC consensus statement: beyond the Female Athlete Triad Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S).”

International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism: “Low Energy Availability Is Difficult to Assess but Outcomes Have Large Impact on Bone Injury Rates in Elite Distance Athletes.”

JAMA Psychiatry: “Mortality Rates in Patients With Anorexia Nervosa and Other Eating Disorders.”



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